Mangoes belong to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous species of tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. The Encyclopædia Britannica (2008) reports that the mango is "considered indigenous to eastern Asia, Myanmar (Burma), and Assam state of India". Cultivated in many tropical regions and distributed widely in the world, mango is one of the most popularly exploited fruits for food, juice, flavor, fragrance and color. Its leaves are ritually used as floral decorations at weddings and religious ceremonies.
Indonesian type - originated from a Hawaiian seedling strain, direct descendant of the Manila mango seedling race common in Veracruz State, Mexico. - The fruit is a small, flat, oblong shape, 6 - 12 ounces, greenish yellow to deep golden when ripe; delicious, very sweet, rich in flavor and close to fiber free. (butter!)
Captain Haden - 1910, Florida. Originated from Mulgoba seedling, Bombay, India. The fruit is a regular oval, large, 16 - 24 ounces, yellow almost entirely washed over with an orange-red color, mild in flavor with a small amount of fiber
Indian strain thought to have originated, like the Haden, from a seedling of Mulgoba 1945, Homestead, Florida. The fruit is a large (20-26 oz.) ovate tapering with slight nose-like protuberance above its tip. Green to orange-yellow as it ripens; firm flesh with a piney sweetness and minimal fiber surrounding the seed area. A late fruiting mango, often available into fall.
Florida 1944. Direct descendant of the Brooks cultivar, derived from the Sandersha seedling. The fruit is a regular oval shape, large 20 - 26 ounces, with plump cheeks, greenish-yellow color with red shoulder. Very rich and sweet with fiber-free flesh (slices clean to the pit - like butter when ripe!) A softer mango, that really should not be put to the squeeze test.
Florida early 1920's. Mango cultivar developed and grown for commercial export. The fruit is a regular oval, medium to large sized, 12 to 24 ounces, yellowish-orange with deep red to purple blush, thicker skinned, juicy but firm with medium fiber.