Pepper

Pepper_bell

A sweet pepper is a mild to sweet flavored pepper that can be eaten raw or cooked. Some varieties have a sweet but bitter taste. There are many varieties of sweet peppers, such as bell, bull horns, cachucha, cubanelle, European sweet, pimento and sweet banana. The different varieties vary in size, shape, thickness and color. The most common color is green at maturity and red when allowed to fully ripen. Some other common maturity colors are ivory, yellow, orange, purple and brown but the majority turn red when allowed to ripen.

How to use: Sweet peppers are eaten raw or cooked and are good in salads, savory dishes, stuffed or eaten on their own.

At their best: A pepper has the strongest taste when considered mature, but not fully ripe. If the peppers are not harvested when mature but are allowed to ripen on the vine, their taste will become progressively mild and sweet until they are fully ripened. Sweet peppers are available throughout the year but more varieties are available in July, August and September.

How to buy: When selecting, choose those with shiny, even colored skins that are not blemished or bruised. Avoid peppers with shriveled skins.

Storage: They can be stored for at least a week if placed in a plastic bag and kept in the refrigerator. The riper the pepper is when harvested, the less time it will maintain its freshness.

Anaheim Chile

Chili_anaheim A type of chile pepper that is about a half-foot in length, is green in color, and has a mild to medium-hot flavor. It is sold fresh and is also available roasted, dried, or canned. When the chile is dried, it turns a dark burgundy color. It is sometimes referred to as the New Mexico chile, but New Mexico chiles are a bit hotter. Anaheim chiles are a good complement to egg dishes, stews, and vegetable dishes.

Ancho Pepper

Ancho Large heart shaped peppers are mildly hot and are stuffed for chili rellenos. As they mature they will turn dark red and develop a bit more heat. These are great in enchiladas too! 1000-1500 scoville units, just above Anaheims. Prolific in warm summers.

Bell Peppers

Pepper_bell A mild, sweet flavored, bell shaped pepper, which is one of the most common varieties of sweet peppers. Most bell peppers are green at maturity but turn red if not harvested until fully ripe. There are some varieties that have a maturity color other than green, such as yellow, orange, purple and brown. Most (but not all) varieties are red when fully ripened. A pepper has the strongest taste when considered mature, but not fully ripe. If the peppers are not harvested when mature but are allowed to ripen on the vine, their taste will become progressively more mild and sweet until they are fully ripened. Bell peppers are eaten raw or cooked and are good in relishes, salads, savory dishes or stir-fries, and can be stuffed or eaten on their own.

Carmen pepper

Cornored Beautiful Red colored pepper grows to about 6" long. These are wonderful sweet peppers great for stuffing, roasting or grilling and they are tasty in salads too!

Chili Piquin

Chili_piquin One of the smallest chili peppers but also one of the hottest. The chili is very small and has an elongated shape. It is very similar in taste and hotness to the Chiltepin. The Chiltepin is just a little smaller than the Chili Piquin and has a more rounded shape. They are often mistaken for each other. They are both very popular and eaten fresh or dried. Their heat is slow to take affect but stays with you for a long time. Younger chilies are green in color and as the mature they turn red. When dried they turn a brownish-red. The hottest parts of the chili are the ribs and seeds. Removing some or all of these parts will reduce the degree of hotness. Chili Piquin and Chiltepin chilies are used in chili, stews, and sauces. They are available fresh, dried, and in powder form. They can be stored in the refrigerator, unwrapped, for up to a week. Do not store in plastic because this will allow them to retain moisture and cause them to rot.

Fresno Chile

Chili_red_fresno A variety of pepper grown commonly in the U.S. that is picked when green or red. The immature green colored pepper is mild to medium hot in flavor, unlike the red, which has a deeper fiery flavor that exceeds the Jalapeno in intensity. When harvested, this waxy-skinned pepper has a thick flesh and is typically 2 to 3 inches in length with a pod width of an inch or less. The Fresno pepper is very similar in appearance and taste to a Jalapeno or Serrano. The green variety is often added to main dishes, side dishes, salads, and salsas, while the red variety may be too hot for some dishes, but is often used with rice, in dips or chopped into fine bits and added to salsas.

Habanero Chile

Chili_habanero A small chile that is no more than 2 inches in length and has a color that ranges from light green when fresh to bright orange when dried. It is native to Caribbean regions, the Yucatan area of Mexico, and northern coastal areas of South America. The habanero has subtle fruit flavors and is many times hotter than the jalapeno.

Hershey Pepper

Chocolate Dark chocolate colored bell peppers make your garden more colorful! These are 4 1/2" long and are sweet flavored. Good producer of large, four-lobed, blocky bell peppers with thick walls. Fruit starts out green on vigorous plants, and when fully chocolate-colored, peppers are very sweet

Italian Bell Red - Quadrato Rosso

Redpepper Quadrato D'Asti Rosso, or our Italian Red Bell Pepper. Beautiful huge, blocky, sweet bell pepper that grows 5" long and ripens to bright red. Thick walls make these great for salads, stuffing or roasting. Fantastic flavor and quality

Italian Bell Yellow - Quadrato Giallo

Quadrato Quadrato D'Asti Giallo is the Italian name for our gorgeous huge pepper that ripens to golden yellow. Fruit grows to about 5" long and 4" wide. Nice thick walls and sweet flavor.

Jalapeno Chile

Chili_jalapeno One of the most popular chiles because of its hot and spicy flavor and because of the ease in which the seeds are removed. Jalapenos are green when harvested and will turn red if left for a longer period to ripen. They can be purchased fresh or canned and are also popular when pickled. Jalapeno chile peppers that are smoked and dried are known as chipotle chiles.

Lipstick Pepper

Lipstickpepper This variety called Lipstick is a sweet 3 1/2" long dark ruby red pimento type pepper that tastes great! Perfect for all types of cooking because of its sweet flavor. Prolific, easy to grow and delicious! Great for salads, roasting, stuffing and pastas too.

New Mexico Chile

Chili_newmexico A type of chile pepper that is about a half-foot in length, is green in color, and has a mild to medium-hot flavor. It is similar to an Anaheim chile, but it is a bit hotter. It is sold fresh and is also available roasted, dried, or canned. When the chile is dried, it turns a dark burgundy color. It is sometimes referred to as a dried Anaheim Chile. New Mexico chiles are a good complement to egg dishes, stews, and vegetable dishes.

Orange Sun pepper

Orangesun Huge, thick walled bell pepper that ripens to a bright orange color. Nice big sweet peppers great for fresh eating or stuffing.

Pepperoncini

Pepperoncini Greek 2" pepper with a slightly hot flavor that is pickled for the best flavor but can be used fresh also. Very mild pepper, these grow prolifically on large plants.

Poblano Chile

Chili_poblano A dark blackish green, triangle shaped pepper, which is an average of 4 inches long and wide at the top, tapering to a blunt end. When fully mature it turns a reddish brown. It is mild to medium hot and has a rich bell pepper flavor. The Poblano is used as a stuffing pepper, and is added to soups and sauces. The wrinkled and flattened Ancho and Mulato are dried forms of the Poblano. The Ancho and Mulato have a mild sweet flavor.

Serrano Chile

Chili_serrano Serrano is a Spanish word meaning "mountain" which may signify the origin and growing area of these chiles. The chile is green in color, long and narrow in shape, and grows into a medium thick wall. This chile is often used in salsas and as a flavoring for stews, casseroles and egg dishes.

Serrano Pepper

Serrano Very hot chili with 5000 scoville units, this one should be used for hot salsas and chili recipes! Nice tall plants, fruits are 2 1/4" long and ripen to red when fully mature. Produces lots of peppers!

Super Red Ruffled

Superred Beautiful and extremely sweet, this bell pepper starts green and ripens deep scarlet red with a flattened shape great for stuffing. This delicious colorful pepper is also great for salads or roasting.

Sweet Banana Pepper

Pepper_banana A variety of pepper that has a banana shape and is less than half a foot in length. It has a waxy yellow skin that turns red when fully ripe. The flavor is sweet and mild and it is also known as the banana pepper.

Sweet mini red bell

Topepo A beautiful little sweet bell pepper that starts green and ripens to red. These are delicious for hors d'oeuvres, in salads or for dipping and they make great toppings for pizza. Only 2"in diameter with thick fleshy walls. These plants are prolific and the fruits are extremely sweet!